Silicon carbide product, method for producing same, and method for cleaning silicon carbide product

Abstract

A silicon carbide product is disclosed which is characterized by having a surface with a metal impurity concentration of not more than 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ). Also disclosed are a method for producing such a silicon carbide product and a method for cleaning a silicon carbide product. A silicon carbide having such a highly cleaned surface can be obtained by cleaning it with a hydrofluoric acid, a hydrochloric acid, or an aqueous solution containing a sulfuric acid and a hydrogen peroxide solution. The present invention provides a highly cleaned silicon carbide, and thus enables to produce a semiconductor device which is free from consideration on deterioration in characteristics caused by impurities. Further, when the silicon carbide is used in a unit for semiconductor production or the like, there is such an advantage that an object processed in the unit can be prevented from suffering an adverse affect of flying impurities.

Claims

1 . A silicon carbide product having a surface with a concentration of metal impurities equal to or less than 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ). 2 . The silicon carbide product according to claim 1 , wherein said metal impurities are at least one of iron or an iron compound, Ni, and Cu. 3 . The silicon carbide product according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein characterized in that said product is at least one of a semiconductor device, a semiconductor device manufacturing member, and a structure. 4 . A silicon carbide product cleaning method comprising the step of immersing silicon carbide in an acid to reduce surface metal impurities to 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less. 5 . A method of manufacturing a silicon carbide product comprising the step of cleaning silicon carbide with an acid to reduce surface metal impurities to 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less. 6 . The method according to claim 5 , wherein said acid is hydrofluoric acid or hydrochloric acid. 7 . The method according to claim 6 , wherein said acid is the hydrofluoric acid and said hydrofluoric acid has a concentration exceeding 45%. 8 . The method according to claim 7 , wherein said hydrofluoric acid has a concentration of about 50%. 9 . The method product according to claim 6 , wherein said acid is the hydrochloric acid and said hydrochloric acid has a concentration of 35% or more. 10 . The method according to claim 9 , wherein that said hydrochloric acid has a concentration of about 36%. 11 . The method according to claim 5 , wherein said acid is a liquid containing sulfuric acid and a hydrogen peroxide solution. 12 . The method according to claim 11 , wherein said liquid containing said sulfuric acid and said hydrogen peroxide solution has a pH of 4 or less. 13 . The method according to claim 12 , wherein said sulfuric acid and said hydrogen peroxide solution respectively have concentrations of about 97% and about 30% and are mixed in a volume ratio of about 4:1. 14 . A silicon carbide product manufactured by the method according to claim 5 , said silicon carbide product being a semiconductor device, a semiconductor device manufacturing member, or a structure.
TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] This invention relates to a silicon carbide product and, in particular, relates to silicon carbide for use in a semiconductor device or a structure, such as a member for manufacturing a semiconductor device and a method of manufacturing such silicon carbide. BACKGROUND ART [0002] Generally, silicon carbide has excellent heat resistance and thus is used as a member for manufacturing a semiconductor device, such as a furnace core tube, a liner tube, a carrying tray, or a wafer boat. Further, it is known that silicon carbide forms a semiconductor device itself by the use of its semiconductor-like properties. [0003] When silicon carbide is used as a member for manufacturing semiconductor device, it is necessary to prevent contamination of a semiconductor wafer or the like processed by such a member. Therefore, the silicon carbide forming the semiconductor device manufacturing member is periodically cleaned with hydrofluoric acid, pure water, or the like. In order to stably carry out such periodic cleaning in a short time, Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication (JP-A) No. H06-128036 (hereinafter referred to as reference document 1) proposes that the surface roughness, Rmax, of a silicon carbide member for manufacturing a semiconductor device be set to 3.2 S or less. On the other hand, Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication (JP-A) No. H11-8216 (hereinafter referred to as reference document 2) proposes that a member for manufacturing a semiconductor device is made of silicon carbide be subjected to a heat treatment in a high temperature oxygen atmosphere to thereby form a silicon oxide film at the surface thereof and then the silicon oxide film at the surface is dissolved and removed by hydrofluoric acid. Further, reference documents 1 and 2 respectively disclose that silicon carbide is cleaned with dilute hydrofluoric acid (HF 7%) and that cleaning with dilute HF (HF 5%) is carried out after oxidizing the surface. [0004] Further, as a method of forming a semiconductor device by the use of silicon carbide, Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication (JP-A) No. 2003-86792 (hereinafter referred to as reference document 3) discloses a method of forming a field-effect transistor. Specifically, reference document 3 points out that the electron mobility can be improved by forming a gate insulating film of a field-effect transistor on a silicon carbide region and then applying a heat treatment at a temperature in the range of 900 to 1000° C. in an atmosphere containing water for a predetermined time. Further, reference document 3 also describes carrying out cleaning with dilute HF before the growth of the gate oxide film or the like, or carrying out RCA cleaning that combines NH 4 OH+H 2 O 2 and HCl+H 2 O 2 . [0005] However, reference documents 1 to 3 only disclose cleaning the silicon carbide and discuss nothing about the surface condition of the silicon carbide after the cleaning. In other words, these reference documents 1 to 3 disclose nothing about the kind of impurities remaining on the surface of the silicon carbide after the cleaning according to the normal technique and the impurity concentration thereof. Further, although reduction in contamination and defect is essential for forming a semiconductor element by the use of silicon carbide, reference documents 1 to 3 suggest nothing about an optimal value of contamination amount etc. on silicon carbide or a contamination amount adjusting method and, therefore, under the circumstances, it is difficult to realize the theoretical properties of silicon carbide. [0006] Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide silicon carbide suitable for a semiconductor device or a member for manufacturing the semiconductor device. [0007] It is another object of this invention to provide a cleaning method for obtaining the foregoing silicon carbide. [0008] It is still another object of this invention to provide a product using silicon carbide with a low impurity concentration. DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION [0009] According to one aspect of this invention, there is provided a silicon carbide product which has a surface with a metal impurity concentration of 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less. [0010] Further, according to another aspect of this invention, there is provided obtained a method of cleaning a silicon carbide product which includes the step of immersing silicon carbide in an acid to reduce surface metal impurities to 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less. [0011] Further, according to still another aspect of this invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing silicon carbide product which includes the step of comprising a process of cleaning silicon carbide with an acid to reduce surface metal impurities to 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS [0012] FIG. 1 is a diagram showing evaluation results of cleaning according to conventional silicon carbide cleaning methods; [0013] FIG. 2 is a diagram showing Fe removal effects on the surface of silicon carbide according to cleaning methods of this invention; [0014] FIG. 3 is a diagram showing an Fe removal effect on silicon carbide by the use of an aqueous solution (SPM) containing sulfuric acid (97%) and hydrogen peroxide (30%) which is used in this invention; [0015] FIG. 4 is a diagram showing an Ni removal effect on the silicon carbide by the use of the aqueous solution (SPM) used in FIG. 3 ; [0016] FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a Cu removal effect on the silicon carbide by the use of the aqueous solution (SPM) used in FIGS. 3 and 4 ; [0017] FIG. 6 is a diagram for explaining the effect of this invention when the silicon carbide is cleaned by the use of the aqueous solution (SPM) containing sulfuric acid (97%) and hydrogen peroxide (30%); [0018] FIG. 7 is a flowchart showing the case where this invention is applied to the fabrication of a MOSFET having a silicon carbide substrate; [0019] FIG. 8 is a sectional view showing a process of fabricating the MOSFET according to the flowchart of FIG. 7 ; [0020] FIG. 9 is a sectional view showing a process performed subsequently to the process shown in FIG. 8 ; [0021] FIG. 10 is a sectional view showing a process performed after the process shown in FIG. 9 ; [0022] FIG. 11 is a sectional view for explaining a process performed next to the process shown in FIG. 10 ; [0023] FIG. 12 is a sectional view for explaining a process performed after the process shown in FIG. 11 ; [0024] FIG. 13 is a sectional view showing a post-process of FIG. 12 ; [0025] FIG. 14 is a sectional view showing a process performed after the process shown in FIG. 13 ; [0026] FIG. 15 is a flowchart for explaining the case where a silicon carbide dummy wafer is fabricated by the use of this invention; [0027] FIG. 16 is a diagram showing a process of fabricating the silicon carbide dummy wafer according to the flowchart shown in FIG. 15 ; [0028] FIG. 17 is a diagram for explaining a process performed after the process shown in FIG. 16 ; [0029] FIG. 18 is a diagram showing a process performed subsequently to the process shown in FIG. 17 ; and [0030] FIG. 19 is a diagram showing a final process of the silicon carbide dummy wafer fabrication processes. BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION [0031] At first, the circumstances of this invention will be described. [0032] According to knowledge of the present inventors, it often occurs that the theoretical properties of silicon carbide are not obtained in a semiconductor device using the silicon carbide and that the theoretical properties are not obtained also in a semiconductor device of silicon or the like manufactured by using a semiconductor device manufacturing silicon carbide member, and it has been found that such variation in properties is caused by the metal impurity concentration on the surface of the silicon carbide. [0033] Particularly, a silicon carbide or silicon semiconductor device such as a field-effect transistor or the like is adversely affected by the impurity concentration on the surface of silicon carbide and therefore cannot achieve the theoretical properties. [0034] Based on such knowledge, this invention provides an impurity concentration on the surface of silicon carbide that can eliminate the adverse influence and a cleaning method that can realize such an impurity concentration. [0035] Specifically, according to experiments by the present inventors, it has been found that mainly iron (Fe) and an iron alloy remain as impurities on the surface of silicon carbide even if cleaned and that when the concentration of those impurities is 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less, there is obtained a suitable semiconductor device having the properties quite close to the theoretical value. [0036] Referring here to FIG. 1 , there are shown impurity (Fe) concentrations before and after cleaning in the case where silicon carbide is cleaned according to conventional cleaning methods. Herein, the axis of ordinates is given graduations of 1.E+00; 1.E+01; 1.E+02; and 1.E+03 in terms of (×10 10 atoms/cm 2 ) and these graduations respectively show concentrations of 1; 1×10 1 ; 1×10 2 ; and 1×10 3 with respect to (×10 10 atoms/cm 2 ). On the other hand, on the axis of abscissas, two cleaning results using HCl+H 2 O 2 according to the conventional cleaning method and two cleaning results 26 using hydrofluoric acid (0.5%) according to the conventional cleaning method are shown along with impurity concentrations 25 before the cleaning. Table 1 below shows the removal ratios of iron along with the contents of cleaning when such cleaning is carried out on silicon carbide (SiC). As shown in Table 1 below and FIG. 1 , it is understood that the concentrations of the metal impurities (iron or iron compound) according to the conventional cleaning methods are far larger than 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) found in this invention. TABLE 1 Iron Removal Ratios on SiC for Respective Chemical Solutions Before After Removal Ratio (%) Cleaning Cleaning 100 − After Cleaning/ Cleaning ×10 10 atmos/cm 2 Before Cleaning × 100 Solution Cleaning Contents 609 52 91 HCl + H 2 O 2 HPM (HCl:H 2 O 2 :H 2 O = 1:1:6 92° C.) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes 641 65 90 HCl + H 2 O 2 HPM (HCl:H 2 O 2 :H 2 O = 1:1:6 92° C.) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes 661 230 65 Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Acid (0.5%) Acid (0.5%) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes 581 218 62 Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Acid (0.5%) Acid (0.5%) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes [0037] Further, when manufacturing a semiconductor device having a gate oxide film, dilute HF (0.5%) cleaning or RCA cleaning that combines NH 4 OH+H 2 O 2 and HCl+H 2 O 2 is carried out before the growth of the gate oxide film, but the impurity concentration cannot be reduced to the foregoing 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less even by the RCA cleaning. [0038] This invention makes it clear that surface metal impurities including iron can be removed to 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less by cleaning silicon carbide by the use of hydrofluoric acid or hydrochloric acid having a predetermined or more concentration or by the use of a liquid containing sulfuric acid and a hydrogen peroxide solution. [0039] Hereinbelow, an embodiment of this invention will be described with reference to the drawings. [0040] Table 2 below shows cleaning solutions and the iron removal ratios when silicon carbide (SiC) is cleaned with the respective cleaning solutions, along with the cleaning conditions. As shown in Table 2, the iron removal ratio is calculated in terms of 100−(after-cleaning impurities (atoms/cm 2 )/ before-cleaning impurities (atoms/cm 2 ))×100. As clear from Table 2, when silicon carbide is cleaned for 10 minutes with the cleaning solution (SPM) containing sulfuric acid (97%) and a hydrogen peroxide solution (37%) and then rinsed for 10 minutes, the iron removal ratio is about 100%, while, it is 98 to 99% with the cleaning solution of hydrofluoric acid (50%) and it is 98% with the cleaning solution of hydrochloric acid (36%). [0041] FIG. 2 shows the Fe removal effects of the respective cleaning solutions on the surface of the silicon carbide corresponding to Table 2. As shown in FIG. 2 , it is understood that Fe on the surface of the silicon carbide can be reduced to 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less by the cleaning using each of the foregoing cleaning solutions. As shown in FIG. 2 and Table 2, the aqueous solution containing sulfuric acid (97%) and hydrogen peroxide (30%), among the foregoing cleaning solutions, is particularly excellent in Fe removal effect. TABLE 2 Iron Removal Ratios on SiC for Respective Chemical Solutions Before After Removal Ratio (%) Cleaning Cleaning 100 − After Cleaning/ Cleaning ×10 10 atmos/cm 2 Before Cleaning × 100 Solution Cleaning Contents 1023 2 100 Sulfuric Acid + SPM for 10 Hydrogen Peroxide minutes → Rinse Solution for 10 minutes 952 2 100 Sulfuric Acid + SPM for 10 Hydrogen Peroxide minutes → Rinse Solution for 10 minutes 430 4 99 Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Acid Acid (50%) (50%) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes 419 7 98 Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Acid Acid (50%) (50%) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes 484 8 98 Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Acid Acid (36%) (36%) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes 484 8 98 Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Acid Acid (36%) (36%) for 10 minutes → Rinse for 10 minutes [0042] Table 3, Table 4, and Table 5 show the results of an experiment by the use of a metal impurity segregation evaluation apparatus. Herein, measurement is made of impurity distributions after putting a solution containing Fe, Ni, and Cu on a curved silicon carbide (SiC) wafer and segregating them, and impurity distributions after cleaning the impurity-segregated wafer by the cleaning method according to this invention. In this example, the cleaning is carried out using an aqueous solution (SPM) with a pH of 4 or less containing sulfuric acid (97%) and a hydrogen peroxide solution (30%) and the Fe, Ni, and Cu removal effects on the surface of silicon carbide after the cleaning are shown in association with distances from the center of the curved wafer. Further, Table 6 shows changes in the number of atoms of the respective components before and after the cleaning at the center of the surface of the silicon carbide. As clear from these tables, it is understood that Fe, Ni, and Cu remain only by 0.3, 0.2, and 0.16 (atoms/cm 2 ), respectively, on the surface of the silicon carbide cleaned by the SPM even at the curve center where the segregation reaches the largest amounts. TABLE 3 Distance After Segregation After SPM −10 — — 0 29.21 0.3 10 1.02 0.3 20 0.90 0.3 30 0.47 0.3 40 0.30 0.3 50 0.30 0.3 60 0.30 0.3 70 — — [0043] TABLE 4 Distance After Segregation After SPM −10 — — 0 58.20 0.2 10 39.13 0.2 20 17.46 0.2 30 10.34 0.2 40 8.44 0.2 50 9.96 0.2 60 20.78 0.38 70 — — [0044] TABLE 5 Distance After Segregation After SPM −10 — — 0 5.16 0.16 10 4.72 0.16 20 4.67 0.16 30 3.66 0.16 40 2.35 0.16 50 1.55 0.16 60 1.51 0.16 70 — — [0045] TABLE 6 Before Cleaning After Cleaning Fe 29.21 0.3 Ni 58.20 0.2 Cu 5.16 0.16 [0046] Further, FIGS. 3, 4 , and 5 respectively correspond to Tables 3, 4, and 5 and show the concentrations (atoms/cm 2 ) of Fe, Ni, and Cu on the surface of the silicon carbide. FIGS. 3 to 5 show the Fe, Ni, and Cu removal effects after the cleaning with the aqueous solution (SPM) containing sulfuric acid (97%) and the hydrogen peroxide solution (30%), wherein the axis of abscissas represents distance from the center of the silicon carbide. [0047] As shown in FIGS. 3 to 5 , in the case of the silicon carbide immersed in the foregoing SPM for one minute after the segregation, as compared with curved lines 31 , 34 , and 37 representing Fe, Ni, and Cu before the cleaning, Fe, Ni, and Cu are reduced even at the curve center portion where the segregation amounts are large, so as to be substantially equal to the amounts in the other regions after the cleaning as shown by curved lines 32 , 35 , and 38 representing Fe, Ni, and Cu after the cleaning. This demonstrates the large effect of the cleaning method according to this invention. [0048] Referring now to FIG. 6 , there are shown changes of the impurities Fe, Ni, and Cu at the center of the surface of the silicon carbide when the silicon carbide is cleaned by the use of the aqueous solution containing sulfuric acid (97%) and the hydrogen peroxide solution (30%). It is understood that Fe, Ni, and Cu, which-were each 1×10 12 (atoms/cm 2 ) or more before the cleaning as indicated by reference numeral 21 , each have reached 1×10 11 (atoms/cm 2 ) or less after the cleaning as indicated by reference numeral 22 . [0049] Now, description will be made about examples where the foregoing cleaning method is applied to the semiconductor device manufacture. EXAMPLE 1 [0050] At first, a method according to the first example of this invention is applicable to the manufacture of a field-effect transistor (hereinafter abbreviated as MOSFET) having a gate, a source, and a drain. In this case, a single-crystal silicon carbide (SiC) wafer is prepared and this SiC wafer requires high cleanliness like Si. [0051] FIG. 7 is a flowchart of fabricating a MOSFET using a silicon carbide substrate and FIG. 8 to FIG. 14 are sectional views showing, in sequence, the fabrication processes of the MOSFET using the silicon carbide substrate. [0052] Referring first to FIGS. 7 and 8 , a p-type 4H-SiC (0001) substrate 1 was prepared as silicon carbide and cleaning according to this invention was carried out before growing a p-type epitaxial layer on the surface of the silicon carbide substrate 1 ( FIG. 7 , step SA 1 ). In this case, the cleaning method was such that sulfuric acid (97%) and a hydrogen peroxide solution (30%) were mixed in a volume ratio of 4:1 and the silicon carbide substrate 1 was immersed in this chemical solution for 10 minutes. After the immersion, the silicon carbide substrate 1 was rinsed with pure water for 10 minutes and dried with nitrogen blow. [0053] As shown in FIG. 9 , a p-type epitaxial layer 2 was grown after the cleaning ( FIG. 7 , step SA 2 ). [0054] After the growth of the epitaxial layer and before carrying out a photolithography process, the silicon carbide substrate 1 having the p-type epitaxial layer 2 was immersed for 10 minutes in a chemical solution in the form of an aqueous solution obtained by mixing sulfuric acid (97%) and a hydrogen peroxide solution (30%) in a volume ratio of 4:1 ( FIG. 7 , step SA 3 ). Subsequently, after the immersion, the substrate 1 with the epitaxial layer 2 was rinsed with pure water for 10 minutes and dried with nitrogen blow. [0055] After the cleaning, as shown in FIG. 10 , source and drain regions were opened in a resist 3 c by the photolithography process, thereby forming a source region opening portion 3 a and a drain region opening portion 3 b ( FIG. 7 , step SA 4 ). Note that the resist 3 c was actually continuous in a region other than the opening portions 3 a and 3 b. [0056] Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 11 , nitrogen was ion-implanted into the source and drain region opening portions 3 a and 3 b, thereby forming n-type source and drain regions 4 and 4 . After the ion implantation, annealing was carried out for activation ( FIG. 7 , step SA 5 ). [0057] Then, after deposition of an oxide film 5 as an interlayer insulation film, as shown in FIG. 12 , a gate region was opened in the oxide films 5 a and 5 b by a photolithography process, thereby forming a gate region opening portion 5 c ( FIG. 7 , step SA 6 ). The oxide films 5 a and 5 b were continuously formed at a portion other than the gate region opening portion 5 c. [0058] After the formation of the gate region opening portion 5 c in FIG. 12 , the foregoing cleaning according to this invention was carried out before deposition of a gate oxide film. The cleaning method was the same as that described before, i.e. the substrate shown in FIG. 12 was immersed for 10 minutes in a cleaning solution obtained by mixing sulfuric acid (97%) and a hydrogen peroxide solution (30%) in a volume ratio of 4:1 ( FIG. 7 , step SA 7 ). After the immersion, the substrate was rinsed with pure water for 10 minutes and dried with nitrogen blow. [0059] After the cleaning, as shown in FIG. 13 , a gate oxide film 6 was formed by thermal oxidation ( FIG. 7 , step SA 8 ). [0060] After the formation of the gate oxide film 6 , as shown in FIG. 14 , electrodes 7 a, 7 b, and 7 c were formed, thereby fabricating a MOSFET (step SA 9 ). Herein, the oxide films 5 a and 5 b were continuously formed at a portion other than the electrodes 7 a, 7 b, and 7 c, i.e. at a portion other than the opening portions 5 c, 5 d, and 5 e. [0061] As an electrode material usable in the MOSFET, it may be any of a metal film of Al, Mo, or the like, a silicide film of W-Si 2 , Mo-Si 2 , Ti-Si 2 , or the like, and an n- or p-type silicon gate electrode. Hydrofluoric acid (45% or more) or HCl (35% or more) may be used as a cleaning solution instead of the liquid containing sulfuric acid and the hydrogen peroxide solution. EXAMPLE 2 [0062] As the second example of this invention, there is shown the case where this invention is applied to the fabrication of a polycrystal silicon carbide wafer. Such a polycrystal silicon carbide wafer is mainly used as a dummy in the semiconductor device manufacturing process using a Si wafer and high cleanliness is also required for such a silicon carbide wafer used in the Si process. [0063] FIG. 15 is a flowchart of fabricating silicon carbide dummy wafers and FIG. 16 to FIG. 19 are diagrams showing the fabrication processes of the silicon carbide dummy wafers in sequence. [0064] As shown in FIGS. 15 and 16 , a disk-shaped graphite base member 11 was first prepared and, then, as shown in FIG. 17 , a silicon carbide 12 was grown by a CVD method so as to cover all surfaces of the graphite base member 11 ( FIG. 15 , step SB 1 ). [0065] Further, as shown in FIG. 18 , the processing was performed to remove side portions of the silicon carbide 12 so that the graphite base member 11 was exposed ( FIG. 15 , step SB 2 ). [0066] Thereafter, the graphite base member 11 having the silicon carbides 12 a and 12 a formed on its both surfaces was burned in an oxygen atmosphere, thereby separating the silicon carbide wafers ( FIG. 15 , step SB 3 ). [0067] As shown in FIG. 19 , the surfaces of the remaining silicon carbide wafers 12 a and 12 b were polished (step SB 4 ). After the polishing, the silicon carbide wafers were immersed for 10 minutes in a chemical solution (cleaning solution) according to this invention obtained by mixing sulfuric acid (97%) and a hydrogen peroxide solution (30%) in a volume ratio of 4:1 ( FIG. 15 , step SB 5 ). After the immersion, the wafers were rinsed with pure water for 10 minutes and dried with nitrogen blow, thereby fabricating the polycrystal silicon carbide wafers. [0068] Also in this example, the same results were obtained even by using hydrofluoric acid (45% or more) or HCl (35% or more) instead of the liquid containing sulfuric acid and the hydrogen peroxide solution. [0069] According to this invention, silicon carbide having high cleanliness can be obtained and, as a result, it becomes possible to obtain a semiconductor device with no need to consider degradation of the properties etc. due to impurities. Further, this invention, when applied to a semiconductor manufacturing member or the like, is advantageous in that it is also possible to prevent an adverse influence to a processing object caused by scattering of impurities, and so on. [0070] In the foregoing examples, the description has been made about the case where the cleaning method according to this invention is applied to the manufacture of the semiconductor device. However, this invention is by no means limited thereto and is also applicable to semiconductor manufacturing members such as a diffusion furnace, and other structures. Further, this invention is also applicable to a surface treatment of a member formed with a silicon carbide thin film, and so on.

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